Control Section (MalCon)
Since 2004, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has
supported the Papua New Guinea National Malaria Control Program with funds
to roll out essential malaria control interventions. As an international
public/private financing institution, the Global Fund supports funding
proposals that evolve from national strategic plans and priorities defined
by disease-endemic countries. In 2003, PNG successfully submitted a proposal
for the free distribution of long-lasting insecticide treated mosquito
nets (LLIN) and expansion of confirmed diagnosis and appropriate treatment
of malaria to the Global Fund. The Round 3 Malaria Grant from The Global
Fund (2004-09) provided PNG with the necessary resources to roll out a
free distribution campaign of LLINs and invest in the improvement of malaria
diagnosis in health facilities by introducing rapid diagnostic tests (RDT)
and improving microscopy services on a limited scale.
The grant was implemented
by the National Department of Health and Rotarians against Malaria.
Conventional bed nets have been used in PNG since 1988. Due to poor accessibility
and financial constraints in the country, periodic re-treatment with insecticides
was not considered feasible. As in other malaria-endemic settings, LLINs
were considered the best option requiring no re-treatment and lasting
protection for several years despite repeated washing. The free distribution
of LLINs in all provinces between 2004 and 2009 was the most prominent
and most successful component of the Round 3 grant. Towards the end of
the grant period, IMR was contracted to carry out an evaluation of the
outcomes (and later the impact) of the LLIN distribution.
Additional studies are collaborative
projects led by other IMR units, for example, on mosquito net bio-efficacy,
Plasmodium population, genetics, arbovirus infections in febrile patients.
Population Health and Demography